an expert rundown of definition, symptoms, and treatment options

Adenomyosis is a condition where cells that form the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) grow into the muscular wall of the uterus (myometrium), where they are not normally present.

Adenomyosis is a common yet widely under-recognised condition. It affects more than 1 in 5 women, girls, and people assigned female at birth.

Symptoms and signs of Adenomyosis

The symptoms of Adenomyosis greatly vary from person to person. Some people experience no symptoms, while others experience symptoms. For some people, these symptoms can be significantly painful.

Some of the symptoms are:
‍Heavy/painful periods
- Pelvic pain
- Painful sex‍

Living with Adenomyosis can have significant physical and emotional impacts, greatly affecting a person's quality of life.

Treatment options

Treatments for Adenomyosis vary from person to person and typically include medications, surgery, lifestyle changes, surgery, pelvic floor physiotherapy and psychological support.

A multidisciplinary approach that includes both physical and mental aspects of living with this condition (biopsychosocial approach) is the most effective as it targets all areas of your health.

Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be very helpful for the pelvic pain and painful sex that is often experienced by those with Adenomyosis. Physiotherapy can help to alleviate pain and improve pelvic function, while psychological treatments can help to manage the emotional and psychological impact of the condition.

Femspace offer professionally guided self-help pelvic floor physiotherapy, psychological support and sex and relationship therapy.

In conclusion

Adenomyosis is a complex and often misunderstood condition, but recognising and treating it is crucial for those who may be struggling with its symptoms. People with Adenomyosis can benefit from a comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis, followed by a tailored treatment plan that may include medication, therapy, and lifestyle modifications.

With the right support, people with Adenomyosis can significantly improve their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.

Hannah Barned

Reviewed by Dr Claudia Chisari